A THEOLOGY OF HISTORY AND THE LAND OF ISRAEL IN THE CONTEXT OF MODERN ISRAEL
Abstract: The Land is an irrevocable promise to national Israel through the unilateral (on God’s part), unconditional, and everlasting Abrahamic covenant. It is a conditional possession to national Israel through the bilateral Mosaic covenant stipulations regarding land defilement and land loss, resulting in Israel’s two major historic exiles. The Mosaic covenant has been realized by the New Covenant, so Israel is out of covenant in regard to the former. God is thus justified to restore national Israel even in their unbelief (prior to their entry into New Covenant faith) in accordance with the unconditionality of the Abrahamic covenant. Isaiah 11 and Ezekiel 20, 36, and 37 contain prophecies that are fulfilled in the current latter-day restoration via the Zionist movement and the growing Messianic Jewish movement. There is a double (or holistic) process in motion in our time, first of which is a restoration to the Land in unbelief in preparation for a final massive spiritual restoration of “all Israel” to Messiah Yeshua. The position that the reestablishment of the State of Israel in the 20th century is a mere accident of history is not plausible; in fact, it strains credulity to the breaking point for Bible-believing people.
William D. Bjoraker, PhD, received his degree from the School of Intercultural Studies of Fuller Theological Seminary. He is a specialist in Jewish studies and served with his wife, Diana, in pastoral and teaching roles in Tel Aviv, Israel, throughout the 1980s. He is a professor of Messianic Jewish studies at the King’s Seminary and also is director of Ezekiel Network, an outreach to Jewish people in Los Angeles.
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